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A variety of miscellaneous ingredients are used as '''additives''', sometimes refered to as adjuncts, to beer to aid in flavoring, clarifying, enhancing, or otherwise modifying the finished beer. For some examples of popular additives, see the table of additives in the ''External Links'' section at the bottom of this page. Additive types include:
* '''Flavoring Agents''' - To add flavor. Examples include spices, flavor extracts, herbs, fruit, oak chips, and sweeteners.
* '''Fining Agents''' - Finings are used to clarify the beer. Examples include Irish moss, Whirlfloc, Polyclar, Gelatin, and Isinglass. Usage depends on the fining. For instance, Irish moss is added to the end of the boil, with about 15 minutes left in the process whereas other fining agents, such as Gelatin are added after fermentation.
* '''Water Agents''' - Ingredients to either alter the pH of the mash or add minerals to alter the mineral content of the [[Water|water].